Other ratings

Struggling readers

Educator's summary

As a PDF document

As web pages:
- Key findings
- Top-rated programmes
- Programmes with limited evidence
- Other programmes
- Review methods

Full report

As a PDF document (218 pages)

What Works for Struggling Readers?

As a PDF document

Insufficient Evidence of Effectiveness

Qualifying studies do not meet the criteria for “limited evidence of effectiveness.”

  • Academy of Reading
  • Destination Reading
  • Experience Corps
  • Failure-Free Reading
  • Fast ForWord
  • Gottshall Small Group Phonics
  • Headsprout
  • HOSTS
  • New Heights
  • Knowledgebox
  • LeapTrack
  • Plan focus
  • Read 180
  • Spell Read
  • Targeted Intervention
  • Waterford
  • Wilson Reading

N No Qualifying Studies

No studies met inclusion standards

If you use programmes which are not listed here, please let us know

Non-UK:

  • 100 Book Challenge
  • A Comprehensive Curriculum for Early Student Success (ACCESS)
  • Academic Associates Learning Centers
  • Accelerated Reader
  • ALEKS®
  • ALPHabiTunes
  • Alpha-Phonics
  • Balanced Early Literacy Initiative
  • Barton Reading and Spelling System
  • Benchmark
  • BookMARK
  • Bradley Reading and Language Arts
  • Breakthrough to Literacy
  • Bridge
  • Bridge to Reading
  • Bring the Classics to Life
  • CIERA School Change Framework
  • Comprehensive Early Literacy Learning
  • Classwide Peer Tutoring©
  • Compensatory Language Experiences and Reading Program (CLEAR)
  • Core Knowledge
  • Cornerstone Literacy Initiative
  • Curious George Reading and Phonics
  • DaisyQuest
  • Davis Learning Strategies™
  • Discover Intensive Phonics for Yourself
  • Discovery World
  • Dominie
  • Dr. Cupp Readers® & Journal Writers
  • Early Success
  • Early to Read
  • Earobics®
  • Emerging Readers
  • Essential Skills
  • Evidence Based Literacy Instruction
  • Exemplary Center for Reading Instruction (ECRI)
  • Fast Track Action
  • Felipe’s Sound Search
  • First grade Literacy Intervention Program (FLIP)
  • First Steps
  • Flippen Reading Connections™
  • Fluency Formula
  • FOCUS: A Reading and Language Program
  • Four Block Framework
  • Frontline Phonics
  • Fundations
  • Funnix
  • GOcabulary Program for Elementary Students
  • Goldman-Lynch Language Stimulation Program
  • Goldman-Lynch Sounds-in-Symbols
  • Great Leaps
  • Guided Discovery LOGO
  • Guided Reading
  • Harcourt Accelerated Reading Instruction
  • Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)
  • Hooked on Phonics®
  • Huntington Phonics
  • IntelliTools Reading
  • Insights: Reading as Thinking
  • Invitations to Literacy
  • Irlen method
  • Jigsaw Classroom
  • Johnny Can Spell
  • Kaleidoscope
  • KidCentered learning
  • Knowledge Box
  • Ladders to Literacy
  • Language for Learning
  • Language for Thinking
  • Leap into Phonics
  • Letter People
  • Letterland
  • LinguiSystems
  • Literacy Collaborative
  • Literacy First
  • Little Books
  • Little Readers
  • LocuTour
  • Matchword
  • Merit Reading Software Program
  • Multicultural Reading and Thinking Program (McRAT)
  • My Reading Coach
  • New Century Integrated Instructional System
  • Next Steps
  • Onward to Excellence
  • Pacemaker
  • Pacific Literacy
  • Pause, Prompt, & Praise©
  • Peabody Language Development Kits
  • Performance Learning Systems
  • Phonemic Awareness in Young Children
  • Phonics for Reading
  • Phonics Q
  • Phono-Graphix
  • PM Plus Readers
  • Primary Phonics
  • Programmed Tutorial Reading
  • Project Child
  • Project FAST
  • Project LISTEN
  • Project PLUS
  • Rainbow Reading
  • Read Well
  • Reading Bridge
  • Reading Explorer’s Pathfinders Tutoring Kit
  • Reading Intervention for Early Success
  • Reading Rods
  • Reading Step by Step
  • Reading Success from the Start
  • Reading Upgrade
  • Richards Read Systematic Language Program
  • Right Start to Reading
  • Road to the Code
  • ROAR Reading System
  • S.P.I.R.E.
  • SAIL (Second grade Acceleration to Literacy)
  • Saxon Phonics
  • Schoolwide Early Language and Literacy (SWELL)
  • Sing, Spell, Read, and Write (SSRW)
  • SkillsTutor
  • Soar to Success
  • Soliloquy
  • Sonday System
  • Sound Reading
  • Sounds and Symbols Early Reading Program
  • Spalding Writing Road to Reading
  • Starfall
  • Start Up Kit
  • Stepping Stones to Literacy
  • STEPS (Sequential teaching of Explicit Phonics and Spelling)
  • Stories and More
  • Story Comprehension to Go
  • Storyteller Guided Reading
  • Strategies the Work
  • Student Team Achievement Divisions (STAD)
  • Successmaker®
  • Sullivan Program
  • Super QAR
  • Teacher Vision®
  • Ticket to Read
  • Touchphonics
  • Tribes learning Communities®
  • Verticy Learning
  • Voices Reading
  • VoWac (Vowel Oriented Word Attack Course)
  • WiggleWorks
  • Wright Skills
  • Writing to Read